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Scientific Weather Stations for Research

Portable solar-powered Scientific Weather Station for Research with wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity and barometric pressure sensors
Portable solar-powered Scientific Weather Station for Research with wind speed and direction, air temperature, relative humidity, and barometric pressure sensors.

Scientific Weather Stations are simple to operate, and require only point and click software to download data, change sample rates, and much more. Additionally, our advanced data logger is capable of reading almost any sensor (analog, digital or serial "smart" sensors), processing the data, then checking and acting on alarms or triggering a relay, performing actions such as opening/closing valves, turning on/off pumps, etc.

The flexibility within the menu system of the Scientific Weather Station allows scientists and researchers to have almost infinite flexibility in what type, number, and accuracy of sensors they wish to use for their research or experiment.

Perhaps most importantly, our Scientific Weather Stations have a built-in Universal Serial Interface that allows you to "teach" the data logger how to communicate, control, parse data, and power ANY serial sensor. Serial sensors — those with their own microprocessor — have become predominant because of their accuracy and reliability.

Coastal Scientific Weather Stations can be fixed or portable and be powered by AC, battery, or solar. Scientific Weather Stations can also be ordered with extra openings in the enclosure to add, delete, or change sensor types or numbers.

Scientific Research Weather Monitoring System on permanent high tower
Scientific Research Weather Monitoring System on permanent high tower.

Coastal's Scientific Weather Stations come equipped with the flexibility and power of an advanced datalogger. Its embedded firmware allows scientists to modify data processing, sensors, and means of communication, by configuring menus rather than learning to write code.

Coastal's Scientific Weather Stations also perform many types and numbers of self-tests on sensors, interfaces, serial sensor functioning and the internal working of the data logger itself.

Almost any type of telemetry can be used including direct cable, wireless, short haul modem, satellite, and GSM/GPRS. The weather station or groups of weather stations can communicate and be reprogrammed remotely via any of the telemetry types.

Ice Stations

Ice stations, sometimes called ice buoys, exist in a variety of configurations. The simplest weather stations have weather sensors to measure barometric pressure, air temperature, and provide station location. The high latitudes require the use of a polar orbiting satellite, typically TIROS satellites used by ARGOS, for data transmission. The ARGOS system is also used to determine location. Recent experiments involving Coastal have shown that combining the ARGOS data with GPS data gives much greater location accuracy.

The more sophisticated ice station can have a complete suite of meteorological sensors (wind speed, direction, air temperature, barometric pressure, and solar radiation.) A compass is necessary to obtain wind direction, because the ice station can move a considerable distance each day, and often changes its orientation. Relative humidity is typically not measured with an ice station because the cold temperatures make moisture almost negligible. In addition to surface meteorology, the ice station may also be measuring parameters below the ice (speed and direction of water current, conductivity, salinity, fluorescence, etc.)

Coastal has more ice stations operating in the Arctic than any other company in the world. Our experience will help make your project a successful one.

Ice Buoy
Ice Stations

Coastal's ice stations are the most dependable units available for demanding low temperature sites. They are easy to set up and operate, and are trustworthy under extreme conditions.

Once assembled, the weather station turns itself on and begins sampling and transmitting data on a predetermined schedule.

Unlike most other applications, there is no standard suite of meteorological sensors for the Arctic or Antarctic. However, the ice station can read almost any sensor (analog, digital, or serial "smart" sensor), process the data, plus check and act on alarms (sound an alarm or trigger a relay).

The ice station is available with memory ranging from 16Kb to 20Mb. Memory is not usually an issue because the ARGOS satellite constrains the amount of data sent.


Coastal's WEATHERPAK® was co-designed with the US NAVY — specifically for Arctic situations. It is a self-contained, one-piece, wireless weather station, which can be successfully deployed quickly from a helicopter or submarine.

The WEATHERPAK system is self-aligning with True North via a built-in fluxgate (no moving parts) compass. This feature eliminates the alignment set-up necessary with typical weather stations.

The WEATHERPAK system is built around a full, 32-bit microcontroller and can contain up to 1 full megabyte of SRAM memory. A real-time clock and hardware watchdog timer, combined with double O-ring seals and an anti-corrosive design, keep the WEATHERPAK running on schedule and in any polar environment.

In addition, the WEATHERPAK system can process data from "smart" serial sensors under the ice.